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What is Endoscopy, How is it done?

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Endoscopy is the examination of the internal organs that make up the digestive system by entering through the mouth without requiring any surgical intervention. The main organs examined during endoscopy are the esophagus, stomach and duodenum.

There is a camera at the tip of the Endoscopy Device. It is approximately one meter long and has a flexible structure. In addition to diagnosing diseases thanks to the camera at the end of the endoscopy device, biopsies can be taken and some treatments can be performed with the devices attached to the end of the endoscope.

In Which Situations Should Endoscopy Be Performed?

Endoscopy is used in the diagnosis and treatment of wounds, polyps or tumors in the esophagus, stomach or large intestine. Apart from this, it is also a procedure performed for biopsy.
Endoscopy diagnosis may be needed due to many complaints.

  • chronic abdominal pain
  • Reflux
  • Stomach ulcer
  • Constant nausea
  • Bad breath
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Esophageal ulcers
  • Chronic diarrhea or constipation
  • Infections
  • Tumors
  • Polyps
  • Gallbladder stones
  • Abnormal weight loss
  • Digestive system disorders
Apart from these disorders, tissue samples can be taken for biopsy during endoscopy if deemed necessary by the gastroenterologist.

Specialized apparatus attached to the end of the endoscopy device is also used for treatment.

  • Opens narrowings in the esophagus
  • in polyp removal
  • gallbladder removal
  • removing fluid accumulations
What is Endoscopy

How to Prepare Before Endoscopy Procedure?

There are certain preparations that the patient must make before the endoscopy procedure. These will be explained to you by your doctor before the procedure.

The patient who will have endoscopy should not eat or drink anything from the night before. If the patient’s stomach or large intestine will be examined by endoscopy, the procedure must be fasted. Otherwise, there may be difficulties in making the desired clarity and definitive diagnosis during the procedure.

How is the Endoscopy Procedure Done?

Anaesthetizing of throat

Before starting the procedure, the back parts of the mouth and throat are anesthetized with local anesthetic spray. The spray is applied by spraying to this area. The patient is then placed on his left side.


With intravenous sedoanalgesia drugs, the patient is put to sleep under close follow-up. The patient who is put to sleep with sedoanalgesia is followed for partial oxygen pressure with a pulse oximeter device from the finger. At the same time, the patient’s heart rate is monitored on the screen. A diagnostic endoscopy procedure takes between 5 and 10 minutes.

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What is done during the process

During endoscopy procedures, biopsy pieces are generally taken from the body part, which we call the corpus, and from the areas called Antrum, near the exit of the stomach, for pathological examination with a small device called biopsy forceps, which is passed through the endoscopy channel. After pathological examination of biopsies, the presence of helicobacter pylori bacteria on the surface of the stomach, the severity of gastritis, and the presence of intestinal metaplasia are generally evaluated.

The first part of the duodenum area is called bulbous Bulbus is the region where the upper gastrointestinal system bleeding most commonly occurs. In patients with active bleeding, bleeding can be stopped with a method called sclerotherapy during endoscopy. The sclerotherapy process is performed by injecting sclerotherapy solution around the bleeding area and in the middle through the sclerotherapy needle passed through the channel of the device.

Many other therapeutic procedures can be performed easily during the gastroscopy procedure. The removal of polyps in the stomach, the disintegration, and the removal of petrified foods called a bezoar, which occurs over time in the stomach, the removal of foreign substances accidentally swallowed (such as a pin, battery) are examples.

Are there risks to the endoscopy procedure?

Endoscopy is a very risk-free procedure. Endoscopy is essentially the examination of the patient’s digestive system with a device specialized for this purpose. Since the endoscope device has a very flexible and sensitive structure, it does not harm the patient. Therefore, the risks of complications during the procedure are very low.
However, in some patients, side effects of endoscopy may be seen as a sore throat that may last for a few days or fatigue due to anesthesia. Like every medical procedure, endoscopy has risks, although they are low.

  • heartburn
  • Abdominal pain,
  • Vomiting
  • Situations such as difficulty breathing.
If these findings occur, you should consult your doctor.

What are the things to consider after endoscopy?

The patient’s recovery time may vary depending on the medications given for sedoanalgesia. In some sedation drugs, the recovery time can take up to 30 to 60 minutes. In some of the patients, the awakening will be much quicker. However, in any case, these patients are strongly advised not to drive during that whole day, not to do signed in work, or not to arrange jobs that require responsibility.

There may be mildly uncomfortable symptoms after the procedure, but they will pass in a short time.

  • Swelling
  • Sore throat
  • Cramp

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Endoscopy Prices - Endoscopy Prices in Private Hospitals

The difference charged for endoscopy in private hospitals and examinations may vary depending on the competence level of the performing doctor (such as Specialist Dr. – Associate Professor – Professor Dr.).

Endoscopy prices can vary between 1500 – 6000 TL.

Prof. Dr. Contact Yusuf Akcan to learn his transaction pricing.
+90 530 500 38 84 (secretary)

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