Gastritises can generally be described as damage to the inner surface of the stomach, i.e. the gastric mucosa, by inflammatory cells. In short, it is defined as the inflammation of the stomach surface.

Helicobacter pylori is the most common cause of gastritis, the only germ that can be found in the stomach. In addition, common painkillers and drugs such as aspirin can cause inflammation on the stomach surface. In addition, alcohol use can damage the stomach surface due to the high chemical solvent of alcohols.


What Are The Symptoms of Gastritis

It is not always necessary to give a complaint or a finding.

But when it does

  • When eating, there may be a feeling of burning and fullness in the stomach. complaints may increase or decrease after the meals
  • Scraping, gnawing sensation
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Risk factors for gastritis

Bacterial infection

Helicobacter pylori is the most common infection seen in humans worldwide. Because of its biological properties, it can be defined as the only microbes that can be found in the stomach. a pronounced gastritis may not occur in anyone carrying this microbe. The genetics of the host, which determines the sensitivity to bacteria, can be environmental factors such as diet and smoking.

Regular use of painkillers

NSAIDs such as aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen (apranax) can cause acute and chronic gastritis. The use of these substances disrupts the blood build up of the mucous membrane by preventing the production of prostaglandin E, which plays a protective role in the gastric mucosa. Mucus layer production, which protects the mucous membrane, cannot be sufficient due to lack of blood build up. In this case, the stomach surface get irritates by becoming vulnerable to aggressive liquids such as stomach acid or bile.

Advanced age

In advanced age, the mucous membrane thickness of the stomach is thinner and atrophy is present in. This causes this type of stomach to become more sensitive to external factors. In addition, helicobacter pylori frequency is more common in people of advanced age. On the other hand, autoimmune gastritis will be more common due to the more common autoimmune diseases in these age groups.

Excessive alcohol using

Alcohol irritates and erodes the stomach surface. This causes this area to be more nondurable to stomach acid. Acute gastritis development is more expected in excessive alcohol consumption.


Major surgeries, traumas, burns and severe infections cause acute gastritis.

Autoimmune reactions

As with other autoimmune diseases, the body’s own defense cells can attack cells on the stomach surface, and cause inflammation. This condition is defined as autoimmune gastritis. Other autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes and Hashimato disease are often occurs with it. Another common finding in autoimmune gastritis patients is vitamin B12 deficiency.

Other risk factors

HIV/AIDS and Crohn disease may cause gas formation in parasitic infections.

You can visit our other website to learn more about the stomach disorders and to see the questions others ask.


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